How do we know what students know? Please read Understanding What Children Know About History: Exploring the Representation and Testing Dilemmas by S. G. Grant.

Then read at least the abstract of Daily Online Testing in Large Classes: Boosting College Performance while Reducing Achievement Gaps by James W. Pennebaker, Samuel D. Gosling, and Jason D. Ferrell.

Finally consider this statement from the book Visible Learning for Teachers: Maximizing Impact on Learning by John Hattie. "The effect size from adjunct questions was .40, which shows that there can be important gains from only a small change to the typical lecture."

GRADUATE STUDENTS - Have you told Mr. Pantazes your research topic and group members yet?